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Eye Consultants of Colorado

(303) 838-9165

Myopia (Nearsightedness)


Myopia is a vision condition often referred to as nearsightedness. It is characterized by the ability to see close objects clearly, with distant objects appearing blurry. Nearly 30% of Americans are affected by this visual condition.

Myopia is known as a refractive error of the eye. Our ability to perceive objects, near or far, is determined by the eyes ability to refract (bend) light. If you have myopia, you have an optical imperfection that prevents light entering your eye from being focused properly.

What Causes Myopia?

The exact cause behind myopia is not known at this time, though research suggests that many patients inherit the tendency to develop myopia.

The optical imperfections of myopia refer to the shape of your cornea and the length of your eyeball. The result of this distorted shape is nearsightedness, as the light entering your eye is refracted incorrectly.

What Are The Symptoms of Myopia?

If you are nearsighted, you may experience the following symptoms:

  • Difficulty seeing at night (night myopia)
  • Eye strain from squinting to see distant objects
  • Blurry vision when looking at distant objects
  • Headaches caused by eye strain

How is Myopia Treated?

There are a few options available to regain clear distance vision if you have myopia.

For most people, the first option is non-invasive treatment via contact lenses1 or eyeglasses2.

If you would like to potentially eliminate the need for prescription eyewear entirely, corrective eye surgery3 may be an ideal treatment option for you. To find out if you would be a good surgery candidate for this procedure, we invite you to book a laser surgery consultation4 with one of our Optometrists.
Orthokeratology (Ortho-K or CRT) may be a good option for you if you do not qualify for corrective eye surgery or would like to explore a non-surgical method for treating your myopia. This method is also known as corneal refractive therapy. It involves a series of specially designed rigid contact lenses that are worn while you are asleep and taken out the following morning.

These breathable lenses gradually reshape the curvature of your cornea, allowing for the light entering your eye to refract properly. This temporary effect will provide clear vision that lasts for the majority of the day.